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World To Face Water Stress By 2030, UNEP Warns

The UN Environment Programme (UNEP) says without altering current levels of water consumption and pollution, almost half of the world’s population will suffer severe water stress by 2030.

This is contained in a statement issued from the UNEP’s headquarters on Monday in Nairobi and made available to the News Agency of Nigeria (NAN) online in Abuja.

It said the report noted that almost half of the world would suffer water stress by 2030, damaging the well-being of millions of people.

The statement said that demand for water set to outstrip supply by 40 per cent, highlighting urgent need to improve how humans use the precious resource.

The statement stated that the fact was contained in a new report from the International Resource Panel (IRP), entitled: “Policy Options for Decoupling Economic Growth from Water Use and Water Pollution.’’

It said that the report found that as the global population rises, increased urbanisation, climate change and a shift in how food was consumed were likely to dramatically increase future demand for water.

The statement said that under current trends, demand for water would exceed supply by 40 per cent in 2030 as stated in the report.

It added that the situation would force governments to spend 200 billion dollars per year on upstream water supply as demand outstrips cheaper forms of supply.

According to the statement, it will demand outstrips cheaper forms of supply – up from historic averages of 40 to 45 billion dollars.

The statement, however, quoted Achim Steiner, Executive Director of the UNEP, as saying: “Reliable access to clean water is a cornerstone of sustainable development.

“When clean water is consistently unavailable, the world poorest must spend much of their disposable income buying it, or a large amount of time transporting it, which limits development.

“And since only half of one per cent of the world’s freshwater is available for the needs of both humanity and ecosystems.

“ We will need to do more and better with less if we are to ensure healthy ecosystems, healthy populations and economic development, the statement quoted, ” Steiner as saying.

The statement further said that UNEP-hosted IRP – a consortium of 27 internationally renowned scientists, 33 national governments and other groups to come up with the study.

The report said that the struggling to cope with poverty and water demand in sub-Saharan Africa region was expected to increase by 283 per cent over 2005 levels by 2030.

“If the world is to stave off the looming crisis, then efforts to decouple water use from economic growth will need to be strengthened, the report says.

“Some countries have already proven that decoupling water use from economic growth is possible,’’ the statement added.

The statement, however, said the report recommended certain measures to achieve water decoupling as investing more in research and development to improve technology that reduces water waste.

“Building sustainable infrastructure to improve the efficiency of water use and eliminate water contamination and pollution.

“Introducing policies to curb water demand and re-allocate water to sectors where it produces goods and services most beneficial to society while ensuring vulnerable groups are protected.

“Strengthening research into the value of ecosystem services and water to human welfare and economic development,’’ it said. (NAN)

The post World To Face Water Stress By 2030, UNEP Warns appeared first on Nigerian News from Leadership News.

This post was syndicated from Nigerian News from Leadership News. Click here to read the full text on the original website.

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